CHIARO Primer contains magical active ingredients that are anti-inflammatories, antioxidants, and humectants. Rosmarinus officinalis leaf extract protects the skin by limiting the production of free radicals, which can damage skin cells. Niacinamide improves the skin barrier function, reduces transepidermal water loss (TEWL), stimulates collagen, reduces pigmentation and is a soothing agent. Xanthan gum contains humectants that are hydrating agents and softens the skin. Provides an excellent base for makeup application.